old school versu New School sports fans

old school versu New School sports fans
Question 3
Using the SPSS Output from Case Exhibit 22.1-1 on page 551 of your textbook, comment on the appropriateness of the statistical test used (make sure that your response includes information on the types of variables used and the scales of measurement). Describe an alternative approach that may be used.
Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying
Question 3
Using the SPSS Output from Case Exhibit 22.1-1 on page 551 of your textbook, comment on the appropriateness of the statistical test used (make sure that your response includes information on the types of variables used and the scales of measurement). Describe an alternative approach that may be used.
Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.
Old School versus New School Sport Fans
Three academic researchers investigated the idea that, in American sports, there are two segments with opposing views about the goal of competition (i.e., wining versus self-actualization are proponents of sport) and he acceptable/ desirable way of achieving this goal. Persons who believe in “winning at any cost” are proponents of sports success as a product and can be labeled new school (NS) individuals. The new school is founded on notions of the player before the team, loyalty to the highest bidder, and high-tech production and consumption of professional sports. On the other hand, persons who value the process of sports and believe that “how you play the game matters’ can be labeled old school (OS) individuals. The old school emerges from old-fashioned American notion of the team before the player, sportsmanship , and loyalty above all else, and competition simply for “love of the game,”
New school/old school was measured by asking agreement with ten attitude statements. The scores on these statement were combine. Higher scores represent an orientation toward old school values. For purposes of this case study, individuals who did not answer every question were eliminated from the analysis. Based on their summated score, middle score, and high score groups. Exhibit 22.1-1 shows the SPSS computer output of a across-tabulation to relate the gender of the respondent (GENDER) with the new school/old school grouping (OLDSKOOL).
OLDSKOOL * GENDER Cross-Tabulation
GENDER
Women Men Total
OLDSKOOL high Count 9 17 26
% within OLDSKOOL 34.6% 65.4% 100.0%
% within GENDER 10.6% 9.2% 9.6%
% of total 3.3% 6.3% 9.6%

Low Count 45 70 115
% with OLDSKOOL 39.1% 60.9% 100.0%
% within GENDER 52.9% 37.8% 42.6%
% OF TOTAL 16.7% 25.9% 42.6%
Middle Count 31 98 129
% within OLDSKOOL 24.0% 76.0% 100.0%
% within GENDER 36.5% 53.0% 47.8%
% of Total 11.5% 36.3% 47.8%
Total Count 85 185 270
% within OLDSKOOL 31.5% 68.5% 100.0%
% within GENER 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
% of Total 31.5 68.5 100.0%
Chi-square tests
Value df asymp.sig. (two-sided)
Pearson chi-square 6.557* 2 .038
Likelihood Ratio 6.608 2 .037
N of Valid Cases 270
*0 cells (.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 8.19.

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